Glossary of Names

The following individuals lent their voices and/or are mentioned within this website (organized by affiliation):

Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Richard Aukema: Methodist minister who founded the Milwaukee Equal Opportunity Center, a resource center assisting African American students who wished to attend college.

Lloyd Barbee: attorney and civil rights leader who represented Oshkosh 94 students at disciplinary hearings.

Vel Phillips: lone African American on Milwaukee City Council during 1960s.

James Groppi: Roman Catholic priest and civil rights leader who came to Oshkosh 94 students' aid on the night of November 21.

African American Students at WSU-O

Henry Brown: African American student who studied music at WSU-O.

Russell Brown: among early cohort of African American students who struggled to find off-campus housing.

Robert Cockroft: one of first African American students from Racine on campus.

Gladys Coleman: one of many members of the Oshkosh 94 whose dream of obtaining a college degree ended on November 21.

Michael Gordon: one of several members of the Oshkosh 94 who decided to leave the state of Wisconsin in order to obtain a college degree.

Vada Harris: student activist from Milwaukee who was inspired by Father James Groppi to integrate the WSU-O campus.

Robert Hayes: student from Racine who became a respected leader within the Black Student Union.

Sandy McCreary: activist student who wrote for student newspaper.

Geoff McCreary: Vietnam war veteran who enrolled at WSU-O in the fall of 1968 and soon became the spokesman for the Black Student Union.

Milton Mitchell, Ross Grant, Elliot Ross, Juanita Moore, Noreen Debnam, Leonard White: students from Milwaukee.

Wisconsin State University at Oshkosh and Wisconsin State University System

Virginia Crane: Southern-born history faculty member who was the first person to teach African American history at WSU-O.

Ron Del Bene: hired by Green Bay Catholic diocese to direct operations of the campus Newman Center.

Roger Dennis: professor of music.

Herb Gaede: WSU-O professor who served as Roger Guiles’s administrative aid.

Martin Gruberg: assistant professor of political science who played a key role in the Oshkosh Human Rights Council.

Jon Guiles: son of WSU-O President Roger Guiles, a law student at UW Madison at the time of the demonstrations.

Roger Guiles: president of WSU-O who oversaw the dramatic expansion of the university during the 1960s.

Neil Harriman: assistant professor of biology.

Don Jorgenson: Director of Admissions at WSU-O, strong proponent for African American student enrollment and head of the Committee for the Culturally Distinct.

W. Roy Kopp: WSU Regent from Platteville who spearheaded attempt to expel the ninety-four black students arrested on November 21.

Phil Layne: the first African American to graduate from WSU-O, he served as an assistant to James McKee.

James McKee: African American administrative assistant hired to direct minority student affairs and oversee the Committee for the Culturally Distinct

Eugene McPhee: Madison-based director of the Wisconsin State University system.

David Roth: assistant professor of political science who advocated forefully on behalf of the “Oshkosh 94” and was subsequently not rehired by the WSU-O.

J. Ward Rector: the hearing agent chosen by the WSU regents to preside over the suspension hearings of the “Oshkosh 94.” A former Associate Justice for the Wisconsin Supreme Court, Rector had recently retired as Vice President and General Coulwaukee Trust Co.

Franklin Utech: assistant professor of art.

Manfred Wenner: director of International Studies program and instigator of anti-administration satirical magazine The Blade.

Russ Young: WSU-O football coach.

Oshkosh and Fox Valley, Wisconsin

Leonard Wright: conservative Oshkosh councilman who opposed an open housing ordinance in 1968.

Hugh Carver: veteran Oshkosh teacher, John Birch Society member and acquaintance of Alabama Governor George Wallace.

Lynn Ehlenfeldt: female student involved in the promotion of improved race relations in Oshkosh.

Betty Jo Eiffert: wife of Paper editor and member of Oshkosh Human Rights Council.

Edith (Edie) Collins: Oshkosh woman involved in the promotion of improved race relations in Oshkosh

Roy C. Dixon-Robinson: WSU-O psychology professor who initiated the Oshkosh Human Rights Council in May 1964

Gilbert James: Appleton Methodist minister who helped found the Fox Valley Human Rights Council in 1964

Priscilla Leith: faculty spouse involved in the promotion of improved race relations in Oshkosh.

James Sitter, Winnebago County Court Judge who betrayed racist attitudes at the students’ preliminary civil hearings.

Valeria Sitter: conservative Oshkosh woman active in local John Birch Society.

Jack Steinhilber: Oshkosh attorney and conservative Republican assemblyman who called for punitive measures against the demonstrating students.


John Schuh: one of several white students charged with the task of notifying the parents of Oshkosh 94 students of their imprisonment on November 21.

Calvin Trillin: journalist who covered the Oshkosh 94's disciplinary hearings for The New Yorker